Changes may create fears, threats and insecurity, also present challenges and possibilities.
Governance is about power – how it is utilized, on behalf of whose interests or for what purpose.
It also about decision-makers, how they make those decisions and implement them and how they can be made accountable for the decisions they have made and implemented.
Good governance takes place when the process is conducted within the framework of a written constitution, constitutionalism and the separation of powers and the rule of law.
It must also operate in the parameter of ethical codes of conduct set.
Leadership, competence, political will, integrity and capacity are critical to the promotion of good governance.
Good governance plays a major role in the creation of the enabling environment of peace, security and stability.
Those are the factor in which people could release their energies, talents, capital, skills, enterprise and entrepreneurship and engage themselves in various creative and productive activities of their choices producing goods and services.
Therefore contributing to the promotion of human development, responding to the global challenges and opportunities, and in the process generate employment and tax revenue supportive of public goods and services.
The state is essentially a collection of inter-related socio-economic and political institutions in society.
The state is the main supplier of the basic and essential public goods and services, ranging from the maintenance of law and order, creating and maintaining the enabling environment of peace, security and stability, to the health and education services for the all the citizens.
Functions or role of the state vary over time, subject to changing philosophical considerations and socio-economic circumstances.
With each change there is the need to review the appropriate capacities needed to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of the state.
Capacity building is hence a continuous and complex process, involving policies, strategies and their implementation; human, financial and material resources, as well as good leadership.
A capable state will always be prepared to endlessly review itself in order to respond effectively to the domestic needs and demands, wishes and aims, the emergent changes and challenges, opportunities and potentials.
In fact the ability to change and adopt is the most important aspect of a capable state.