Nowadays buildings have to be more efficient and less expensive to construct as this is coupled with life cycle cost benefits and efficiency of resources.
Building technologies have evolved dynamically over the last few decades.
Today we reap the benefits of ease and aesthetics with the materialization of the so called “Smart” buildings or homes.
Rising oil prices and economic pressures would increasingly drive the development of smart buildings.
Embarking to smart building means that we are adapting and promoting green building.
Green building has been associated primarily on green materials usage.
Using eco-friendly building supplies helps improve the overall energy footprint for the building but these efforts can prove not enough if not matched with efficiency management equipment.
What is a Smart Building?
Originally smart buildings were proposed as intelligent buildings. Buildings that have the essential infrastructure and the intelligence to choose applications based on the external and internal needs through IT enabled networks.
However, in recent times they have been increasingly associated with energy efficiency in buildings since most of the intelligence in buildings is directed towards optimization of energy along with comfort.
Smart buildings identify and echo the technological advancement and combination of building systems.
A smart building can be almost any structure. It incorporate of building, technology, and energy systems such as building automation, life safety, telecommunications, user systems and facility management systems.
Smart buildings require integration of more than just building systems. They demand
a new approach to design and construction.
A smart building takes a different approach and incorporates the design and fitting of the systems.
Smart buildings provide the most cost effective approach to the design and the use of building technology systems.
This process cut the inefficiencies in the design and construction process; eliminate redundant technology saving time and money.
Smart buildings provide actionable information about a building or space within a building to allow the building owner or occupant to manage the building or space.
Smart Buildings also are a critical component to the energy use and sustainability of buildings, and the smart electrical grid.
The building automation systems, such as HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) control, lighting control, power management and metering, play a major role in the operational energy efficiency of a building.
There have been plenty of innovative technologies and ideas derive from architects, building planners and the companies manufacturing smart technologies.
Smart buildings are becoming increasingly easy to manage and maintain even without constant monitoring.
Buildings are capable of to moderator for themselves and make intelligent decisions regarding the usage of electricity and other basic facilities thus ensure optimal usage of energy.
Autonomous IT systems are becoming a reality and soon will manage an entire host of applications.
Top automation solutions providers like Siemens, Honeywell and Schneider are funding large scale research projects that enable complete intelligent buildings.
Smart buildings concept is catching on fast and will become a regular feature in the future.
Source : smart-buildings.com, cisco.com, nreionline, builditsmartvc.org, building.com, americanprogress.org and Frost & Sullivan Market Insight
(this article written for 1BINA.my)