Energy has always been an essential element for the generation of social and economic growth in a country. It has become a necessity in our everyday life.
The National Energy Policy was introduced in 1979. The Policy has three main objectives.
The first objective is aimed at ensuring an adequate, secure and cost-effective energy supply based on the maximum use of indigenous resources.
The second objective is the utilization objective that calls for the promotion of efficiency and conservation measures as a way to eliminate wasteful and non-productive patterns of energy consumption.
The third and final objective is the environment objective which states that in achieving the supply and utilization objectives, environmental concerns will not be neglected.
Renewable energy is starting to emerge from a niche industry into a significant power supplier for many European countries. Renewable energy can deliver clean and green energy.
However the same scenario seems to be lacking in many Asian countries, Malaysia being one of them.
Sources of renewable energy such as solar thermal and wind need to be explored. Although solar thermal, for example, is mainly used for hot water supply, it has great potential in the area of solar assisted air-conditioning technology which is yet to be explored and exploited.
Other alternatives energy initiative that should be considered to be adapted actively is Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) technology.
On July 2005, Malaysia launches The Malaysia Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Technology Application Project – MBIPV.
The project spearheaded by Pusat Tenaga Malaysia, under the authority of the Ministry of Energy, Water and Communications, with supports from United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and Global Environment Facility (GEF).
MBIPV intended to induce the long-term cost reduction of the non-emitting Green House Gas (GHG) technology (i.e. the photovoltaic or PV) via integration of the PV technology within building designs and envelopes.
It is aimed at creating a sustainable BIPV market in Malaysia that will generate widespread BIPV applications.
Over the lifetime of the expected installed BIPV capacity from the project, the energy generated will avoid 65,100 tons of CO2 emissions from the country’s power sector, in addition to contributing towards the national energy policy objectives.
The MBIPV project specifically focus on the market development for BIPV technology, and building the national capacities on three major areas:
a. policy and education;
b. technical skill and market implementation;
c. technology development support.
The project catalyze BIPV technology acceptance among the public, policy makers, financiers and building industry, which will lead towards a sustainable BIPV market beyond the completion of the project.
The project objectives achieved via a multi-pronged approach:
1. BIPV information services, awareness and capacity building programs;
2. BIPV market enhancement and infrastructure development;
3. BIPV policies and financing mechanisms program;
4. BIPV Industry Development and R&D enhancement program.
BIPV is an innovative power generator. It has a dual function of an integral part of a building as well as an energy generator.
BIPV also contributes to the overall energy efficiency in buildings without sacrificing aesthetics and sustainability of building materials.
BIPV technology is still at an infant stage in Malaysia, thus, this technology demand for extensive promotion campaigns and capacity building on BIPV to generate awareness and improve local competency.
It is anticipated that BIPV applications and technology will be demonstrated at selected premises where the impacts of the demonstrations would be the most tangible output of the BIPV project.
The BIPV applications will be applied on building elements such as roofs, sun shading devices and canopies.
The launching of the Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) project in July 2005 marked another effort by the government to promote sustainable source of energy and at the same time reduce emission of greenhouse gas into the environment.
The MS 1837:2005 provides guideline for BIPV installers in managing BIPV projects thus provide confidence to the consumers for installation of BIPV in their homes.
(this article published in 1BINA.my)
- A Roof That Produces Energy (sembangahad.wordpress.com)
- Building Integrated Photovoltaics: Is BIPV the Future of Green Building? (green-buildings.com)
- Solar growth (evoenergy.co.uk)
- India’s first solar housing complex (evoenergy.co.uk)
- Building Integrated Solar Market Set to Quadruple (sustainablebusiness.com)