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South East Asia is one of the fastest growing economic regions in the world.

ASEAN countries are part of one of the fastest growing economic regions in the world and combined with the continued demographic growth in the region it has placed the challenge of securing energy supply at the centre of policy-making.

In total, the population of ASEAN nations is 567 million people. The10 member states produce and consume their own energy resources, as well as providing energy sources to the major economies of China, Japan and South Korea.

The BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009 reported that the combined proven natural gas reserves of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam at the end 2008 represented 4 per cent of the world’s proved natural gas reserves and 6.3 per cent of world natural gas production.

In terms of oil reserves, the same countries held 15,500 MMbbl of oil (1.2 per cent) and produced 2.57 MMbbl/d of oil – 3 per cent of total 2008 world production.

Indonesia

Indonesia’s state-owned petroleum company Pertamina operates 3,800 km of gas pipeline and 64 compressor stations.

Current projects : MedcoEnergi International and its joint venture partners, Mitsubishi and Pertamina Energy Services have proposed the Donggi-Senoro Gas Block Development Project, to be located in Central Sulawesi, which will involve the construction of a 30 km pipeline.

Approximately 250 MMcf/d of gas will be transported from the Senoro-Toili Block through the pipeline. The pipeline will be constructed by the Indonesian partners, and gas deliveries to the LNG plant are expected to begin in the second half of 2012.

Malaysia

Since 1984, Petronas has been supplying natural gas produced by the fields offshore Terengganu to consumers located in Peninsular Malaysia, and power plants in Singapore via its Peninsular Gas Utilisation (PGU) Pipeline system.

Comprising six gas processing plants with a combined capacity of 2 Bcf/d and more than 2,500 km of main and lateral pipelines to transmit gas to the customers, the PGU Pipeline is linked to the 614 km Trans Thailand-Malaysia (TTM) Gas Pipeline system in the north.

Current projects : Construction has commenced on the Sabah – Sarawak Gas Pipeline.

The project involve the construction of a 512 km, 26 inch diameter onshore natural gas pipeline from the proposed Sabah Oil and Gas Terminal in Kimanis, Sabah, to the Petronas LNG complex in Bintulu, Sarawak, and the construction of associated facilities. Wah Seong will be responsible for the manufacture, coating, delivery and storage of pipes for the contract, while a consortium led by Punj Lloyd is constructing the project.

Myanmar

Myanmar has 3,854 km of onshore pipeline and 686 km of offshore pipeline.

The country exported 8.55 Bcm of gas in 2008 to Thailand from the Yadana and Yetagun offshore gas fields via the 412 km Yadana Pipeline and the 270 km Yetagun Pipeline.

Current projects : Petrol Myanmar and Korea’s Daewoo have begun the pre-engineering survey for construction of a section of the China – Myanmar Gas Pipeline at Myanmar’s Arakan Coast.

China National Petroleum Corporation’s (CNPCs) 771 km pipeline will transport gas from blocks A-1 and A-3 in the Bay of Bengal to mainland China, and will have a capacity of 12 Bcm/a of gas.

Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI) has received a $US1.4 billion order from Daewoo for engineering, procurement, construction, installation and commissioning for the development of the A-1 and A-3 blocks at Bengal Bay, including the construction of subsea pipelines in the area.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has also been signed for the construction of a 1,100 km oil pipeline between the two countries.

The Myanmar – China Oil Pipeline would transport oil from the Kyaukryu port on the west coast of Myanmar to Kunming, capital of Yunnan Province, China.

The pipeline projects will provide an alternative to China’s crude imports from the Middle East and Africa.

The discovery of the offshore North-West Myanmar Gas Field – estimated to contain reserves of between 4–6 Tcf of gas – has sparked renewed interest in the proposed Myanmar – India Gas Pipeline.

The proposed offshore pipeline would extend 950 km from Block A-1, through Bangladesh, to India.

The Philippines

There is currently 529.5 km of natural gas transmission pipelines in the Philippines which transport gas from the Malampaya Gas Field to fuel three power plants: 500 MW San Lorenzo, 1,000 MW Sta Rita and 1,200 MW Ilijan power plants.

A total of 423 km of transmission pipeline are being proposed and will be constructed between the periods from 2011 to 2020.

These projects are envisioned for the island of Luzon where demand concentration for natural gas is projected to be the highest in the next 10 years.

Currently, the Philippine National Oil Company is holding talks with China’s XinAo Gas, Japanese Mitsubishi Corporation, and PTT of Thailand for the development of the Batman-2 Gas Pipeline.

The Batman-2 Pipeline will traverse 150 km to link Bataan to Manila. The project also includes the construction of a 35 km spur line (known as the Batcave Pipeline) to industrial areas in Rosario, Cavite province, and a distribution network to serve potential gas users in the areas through which the pipeline passes.

Singapore

Singapore does not have any indigenous gas and oil reserves. Currently, Singapore’s natural gas supply is imported from Malaysia and Indonesia via offshore pipelines.

Singapore imports natural gas from Indonesia via the 476 km Grissik – Singapore Pipeline, which commenced operations in 2003, and gas from Malaysia via Petronas’ Peninsular Gas Utilisation Project pipeline.

Current projects :  Construction of Singapore’s first LNG terminal located on a 30-hectare site on Jurong Island.

The LNG terminal will be an important part of Singapore’s energy security strategy to meet future energy needs and also enable the country to be an LNG trading hub.

As part of the LNG development PowerGas will construction approximately 65 km of gas pipelines to connect the terminal to the existing gas pipeline network for the transport of re-gasified LNG to end-users.

The terminal is expected to be ready for start up by 2013.

Thailand

In 1981, PTT Public Company laid Thailand’s first natural gas pipeline from the offshore Erawan Gas Field to Ban Nong Fab, Mab Ta Phut, Rayong Province – marking the beginning of Thailand’s commercialised natural gas industry.

PTT Public Company operates approximately 2,000 km of offshore gas pipelines and 1,200 km of onshore gas pipelines, which transports over 3,500MMcf/d of natural gas used as fuel for power plants, industries and as feedstock for the petrochemical industries.

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) tanker, section vi...

Liquefied natural gas (LNG) tanker, section view from side. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Current projects : The 290 km Fourth Gas Transmission Pipeline Project is designed to transport gas from the LNG Terminal at the Maptaput Industrial Estate near Rayong, to a tie-in station on the existing Wang Noi to Kaeng Khoi Pipeline in Saraburi Province.

The contract for the mainline construction is yet to be awarded, PTT Public Company has awarded McConnell Dowell Constructors Thai the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract for two 13 km long, 36 inch and 42 inch diameter interconnecting gas pipelines, which will provide bidirectional transfer of gas between the new LNG terminal and the existing PTT Gas Separation Plant at Rayong.

PTT also awarded McConnell Dowell Constructors Thai an EPC contract for the 24 inch diameter, 21 km IRPC Gas Pipeline Project in Rayong.

The pipeline will transport gas from PTT’s 36 inch diameter Third Transmission Parallel Gas Pipeline to downstream customers at the Integrated Refinery and Petrochemical Public Company (IRPC) at Rayong.

Following a study conducted by the Petroleum Institute of Thailand, the Thailand Energy Business Department is pushing for a $US453 million investment in an oil pipeline to link the central part of the country with the north and northeast.

The study demonstrated that a pipeline would increase oil transmission efficiency, as well as reduce road accidents associated with the current distribution method, which is mostly carried out by trucks.

The institute proposes that the pipeline should extend from Saraburi to oil depots in the north and northeast. Two routes have been proposed for the pipeline, one traversing 887 km and the other 958 km.

Vietnam

Construction commenced in December 2009 on PetroVietnam’s Block B – Omon Pipeline.

The 406 km gas pipeline will include a 246 km offshore, and 160 km onshore pipeline spanning five Mekong Delta localities: Can Tho City, and Hau Giang, Kien Giang, Bac Lieu and Ca Mau provinces.

The pipeline will deliver 18.3 MMcm/d of natural gas from the offshore Block B, located approximately 140 km southwest of Ca Mau province, to the O Mon Power Complex in the Mekong Delta city of Can Tho.

In March 2010, an international consortium between PetroVietnam Gas Corporation, Mitsui Oil Exploration Company of Japan, Thai PTT Exploration and Production Public Company and Chevron was founded to develop and operate the $US1 billion project. The EPC contractors are Vietsovpetro Joint Venture PetroVietnam Construction Joint Stock Corporation (PVC) and Petroleum Technical Services Corporation (PTSC).

PetroVietnam’s Second Nam Con Son Pipeline is currently in planning. The new 400 km pipeline will transport gas from the Hai Thach and Moc Tinh project to a landfall location, where gas will be further delivered to the power plants in Phu My district of southern Ba Ria- Vung Tau province.

PetroVietnam expects to invest around $US1.3 billion in the second pipeline, which is expected to be completed in 2014.

Source : Pipelines International

(this article published in 1BINA.my)